The census is conducted on the basis of the Law on Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2022
The 2021 Census Law regulates the preparation, organization and implementation of the Census, the census period, the manner of data collection, the units covered by the Census, the content of the Census, the obligations of state and other bodies and organizations in preparation, organization and implementation of the Census, financing of the Census, obligations of the persons performing activities related to the Census, duties of persons covered by the Census, data processing, publication of census results, use, protection and storage of data collected in the Census.
The Census was originally planned for April 2021, but due to the unfavorable and uncertain epidemiological situation caused by the COVID 19 pandemic,it was postponed to the period October1-31,2022.
Law on Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2021 ("Official Gazette of RS" No. 9/2020).
The pilot census of population, households and dwellings in 2019 was conducted in the period from 1st to 30th of April 2019, on a sample of 260 census districts in 51 municipalities / cities.
The main goal of 2019 Census was to test in a timely manner all methodological, organizational and IT solutions for the implementation of 2022 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings.
Two data collection methods were tested:
- Self- enumeration- Computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI)
- Field data collection using laptops
Settlements in which, on a part of the territory, 2019 Pilot Census was conducted.
Letter sent to citizens living in the territory selected for self-enumeration testing
Questionnaire for household and dwelling
The Census of population, households and dwellings in the Republic of Serbia begins on October 1st, 2022 at 8:00 AM and lasts until Ocober31st, 2022 at 8:00 PM.
Data are, directly from the citizens, collected by enumerators, going "door – to - door", and entering respondents' answers into electronic questionnaires, using laptops.
The Census includes:
- citizens of the Republic of Serbia with permanent or temporary residence in the Republic of Serbia, regardless of whether they are present in their place of residence or temporarily residing in another place in the Republic of Serbia or abroad at the time of the Census;
- permanently resident foreigners, those who have been granted temporary residence in the Republic of Serbia and other persons residing in the territory of the Republic of Serbia at the time of the Census;
- dwellings and other occupied/ inhabited premises
In the period from October 1st to 31st, 2022, your household will be visited by an authorized enumerator of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS).
How to recognize the enumerator?
- The enumerator carries the ID that he is obliged to show before he enters your household.
- On the front of the ID card is the logo of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, the name and surname of the enumerator, the photograph and ID number.
- On the back of the ID is the authorization to work.
When, during the census period, your household is visited by an authorized enumerator of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, the data are collected:
- By interview method;
- As of September 30th, 2022 at 24 hours (“critical moment of the census”);
- From each adult individually, and if this is not possible, from the household member who is best acquainted with the data;
- For children under the age of 15 from a parent, adoptive parent, guardian or custodian.
- If the enumerator does not find a person covered by the Census in the apartment at the time of the Census, a written notice is left to inform the person about the repeated visit.
According to the Law on the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings:
- Data collected in the Census are used exclusively for statistical purposes and the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia cannot provide them to other physical and legal entities;
- The Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia is obliged to take all prescribed administrative, technical and organizational measures necessary to protect the data collected in the Census from illegal access, publication or use, in accordance with the law governing the field of information security;
- According to Article 33 of the Law on the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021, a fine of 30,000 to 50,000 dinars will be imposed on the enumerator, instructor and other person in charge of performing activities related to the Census if:
- the tasks of the Census are not performed timely and in the prescribed manner;
- the accuracy of data entry given by data providers is not taken into account, i.e. the accurate processing of data collected by the Census;
- all data on the enumerated persons that one comes across during the performance of the entrusted tasks are not kept as a secret;
- against the will of the person covered by the Census, it is requested from the person declare his / her national affiliation or religion.
After the census is completed, the enumerator might visit you again, within the post-census survey conducted by SORS in order to control the quality of the census. Included is a small sample of enumerated households so as to check the correctness of the number of enumerated persons, households and dwellings, as well as the quality of answers to individual questions. Based on the collected data, the reliability of the Census results will be assessed.